Hiking To Mount Semeru The Highest Volcano In Java
Mount Semeru is the highest volcano in Java. An active volcano with magnificant peak called Mahameru, 3.676 meters above sea level (12.060 feets). Mount Semeru is in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park (TNBTR). The nearest cities to go are Malang and Lumajang.
It takes four days return way to climb the peak of Mount Semeru from the base camp in Ranu Pane. To reach the base camp in Ranu Pane, take a white Angkot from Arjosari Terminal to Tumpang (45 minutes). From Tumpang to Ranu Pane you can rent a Jeep for return way or with an alternative vegetable truck ride. After 3 hours trip with a spectacular mountain and waterfall views, you will arrive at Ranu Pane, the last village with 2.200 meters above sea level high. You can hire a porter in this place to carry your stuffs.
You are really recommended to prepare your stuffs before hiking such as:
- Bring your health certificate or you can take it at the nearest hospital or health center in the city.
- On your way from Tumpang to Ranu Pane, stop at Gubuk Klakah village to take a permit letter to the National Park officer.
- There is a checkpoint in Ranu Pane, register your name, your group and give your health certificate, permit letter, and entrance fee.
- Tent, backpack, trekking shoes, raincoat, warm cloths, sleeping bag, mattrass, headlamp.
- Mountaineering cooking stuff, documentation (camera), food, water, medicine, tissues, and
- Necessary hiking equipment.
From Ranu Pane to Mahameru’s Peak, you will pass 4 checkpoints and 2 shelters. The first shelter is Ranu Kumbolo. Ranu Kumbolo is a big lake located about 2.400 meters above sea level. A lake with fresh water where you can see sun rises in the morning between two hills in the east. To reach this shelter, we need 5 hours trekking through 9.5 km tracks. In your first 5 km to the shelter you will find edelweiss on the slope of the hill, stepping another km ahead you will see a beautiful valleys and hills with fir and pine trees around.
Most of the hiker build their tents in Ranu Kumbolo and stay at night before continuing to the next shelter tomorrow morning.
You will need an hour trekking to the west from Kalimati to find water, so save your water reserve in your bottle at Ranu Kumbolo. To reach the next shelter you will hike a famous steep hill called Tanjakan Cinta and behind that you will see very beautiful grassland called Oro – Oro Ombo. After passing this grassland you will hike to the pine forest called Cemoro Kandang where climbers sometimes find deer and birds.
You almost there, in the end of the pine forest you will reach Jambangan, a place with flat land, grass, edelweiss, and a direct views to Mahameru’s peak, you’re getting closer. You can take a rest there, drink coffee, and take some photographs. Ahaaaa . . . From there, you only need 30 minutes walking through the forest to reach Kalimati. Kalimati is a shelter with large grassland in the edge of the pine forest 2.700 meters above sea level. Here, climbers can take a rest and build a tent before summit attact after midnight at 01.00 pm. Two km trekking with range of time 3 up to 4 hours in total to reach this shelter.
Arcopodo is a place 200 meters higher from Kalimati. To reach this place, climbers need one – two hours climbing through steep pine forest. Sometimes climbers build a tent there, but it prone to landslides and dusty. Another 30 minutes climbing, we will find Kelik, the last vegetation area before the dunes. From there, use your mask and goggle.
Start your summit attact at 01.00 am. It needs 4 – 5 hours climbing through steep dunes and easily degenerates. Follow the existing tracks and becareful. Use your headlamp and watch your step while climbing the dunes. Happy Climbing!
It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves. – Edmund Hillary
Things to keep on your mind:
- Start climb around 01.00 am to estimate your time reaching the mount’s peak before sunrise
- Down the mountain before noon to avoid erruption
- Don’t get closer to the crater Jonggring Saloko
- Avoid climbing from south side because of the poisonous gas and lava flows
- During the dry season, temperatures can reach minus 0 degrees
- There is a storm and high winds during Desember – January
- Climb at the existing track
- Becareful of Hypotermia and Hypoxia
- Take a direct flight from Soekarno – Hatta Interntional Airport in Jakarta to Abdul Rachman Saleh Airport in Malang (an hour flight)
- or go to the central city in Jakarta and take a train in Gambir Train Station, a direct route to Malang Train Station (the train departure once a day 05.00 pm and 15 hours trip) –> only for Executive Class
- for Economy Class and Business Class take a different train in Pasar Senen Train Station (train departure once a day at 02.00 pm for Economy Class and 03.00 pm for Business Class
From Bali to Malang
- Take a direct flight from Ngurah Rai International Airport in Bali to Abdul Rachman Saleh Airport in Malang (an hour)
- Take a bus at Giwangan Bus Station in Bali to Arjosari Bus Station in Malang (13 hours trip)
From Malang to Ranu Pane
- From Arjosari Bus Terminal take white Angkot to Tumpang
- From Tumpang to Ranu Pane you can rent a jeep (max 6 persons) or take a vegetable truck ride
- Jeep owner Indra in Tumpang +6281944823558
- Porter Pak Sunarto (45 summit to Semeru) +628283937427
- Airplane rate around IDR. 400.000 – IDR. 600.000 or check airplane ticket rate here
- Train Economy Class IDR. 51.000, Business Class IDR. 200.000, Executive Class IDR. 315.000 or check train ticket and schedule here
- Bus from Bali to Malang IDR. 135.000
- Rent Jeep one way Tumpang – Ranu Pane: IDR. 300.000 – IDR. 450.000
- Vegetable Truck Ride one way Tumpang – Ranu Pane: IDR. 25.000/person
- Health certificate in health center: IDR. 40.000/person
- Permit letter: IDR. 7.000/person
- Camera: IDR. 5.000/camera
- Hire Porter: IDR. 125.000 – IDR.150.000/day